Amir Chand, Bhai Bal Mukund and Avadh Bihari were executed on May 8, 1915, while Biswas met the same fate a day later for hurling a bomb at a procession of then Governor-General of India, Lord Hardinge, in Chandni Chowk on December 23, 1912. Lord Hardinge was injured in the incident.—PTI
“Basanta Kumar Biswas was an Indian freedom fighter who made a significant contribution to the Indian freedom struggle movement against the British Raj. He was associated with the Jugantar group who is said to have bombed the Viceroy’s Parade, which later was referred to as the ‘Delhi-Lahore Conspiracy’. Rash Behari Bose and Amarendranath Chattopadhyaya were the two leaders of Jugantar who introduced him into the revolutionary movement. Disguised as a woman, on 23rd December 1912, he exploded a bomb which was targeted at Lord Charles Hardinge, who was the Viceroy of India. Biswas and his associates remained at large for many months. He was, finally, arrested on 26 February 1914 at Poragachha, Nadia while he went to perform the last rites for his father. The trial of the Delhi-Lahore Conspiracy case began on 23 May 1914 in Delhi and on 5 October, he, was sentenced to life imprisonment. Three other men were condemned to death at the same trial: Amir Charid, Abadh Behari, and Balmokand. The government was eager to give Biswas a death sentence. So an appeal was formulated at Lahore High Court and, making a mockery of the whole judicial system, the records held at Ambala Central Jail were tampered with to show that he was two years older than he really was to impute legal responsibility for his offense. The Crown won its appeal and Biswas was sentenced to be hanged. Basanta Kumar Biswas attained martyrdom. He was hanged when he was just 20-years-old and was amongst the youngest martyrs during India’s freedom struggle against the British Raj.”
The Russo-Japanese War was masterminded by Britain and America. The Japanese victory over Russia was decided by America, and Japan was trapped into further warring. Japan eventually became the target of genocide.
Forest Research Institute, Dehradun.
Nippon Yusen Sanukimaru. Rash Behari Bose traveled from Kolkata to Kobe on this ship.
Singapore public execution of Indians by British
Kobe around the time that Rash Behari Bose arrived.
Tokyo (1889) around the time that Rash Behari Bose was born
Tokyo around the time Rash Behari Bose arrived.
Tokyo Station Hotel (1915, the year that Rash Behari Bose arrived in Japan)
Kabukiza Theatre, which Rash Behari Bose loved.
Ueno Koen Toshogu, near the site of the extravagant celebration of Japan-India relations
Ueno Seiyoken in the Meiji era
The inside of Ueno Seiyoken, the location of the grand celebration of Japan-India relations, organised by Rash Behari Bose, Lala Lajpat Rai, and Heramba Lal Gupta.
The view of Shinobazu Pond from the deck of Ueno Seiyoken. This was the view that guests enjoyed during the celebration of Japan-India relations, organised by Rash Behari Bose, Lala Lajpat Rai, and Heramba Lal Gupta.
The view of Tokyo Exhibition Buildings (1914) from Ueno Seiyoken, the location of the grand celebration of Japan-India relations, organised by Rash Behari Bose, Lala Lajpat Rai, and Heramba Lal Gupta in 1915.
Lala Lajpat Rai
Heramba Lal Gupta (gentleman on the right)
Rash Behari Bose at the centre. On his left is Terao Toru and on his right, Inukai Tsuyoshi. The second row, from left to right: Ikeda MD, Tsukuda Nobuo, Mizuno Baigyou, (No name), Sugimoto Junzo. The last row, from left to right: Okawa Shumei, Miyazaki Torazo, Uchida Ryohei, Nakamura Tasuku. April, 1916.
Japanese “tombi” coat and hat. Rash Behari Bose and Gupta wore such an outfit to disguise themselves.
Akasaka Geihinkan guest house (1909), Akasaka, Tokyo
Inside the Nakamuraya atelier where Rash Behari Bose lived for four months. The man in the photo is Nakamura Tsune who was the resident of this house until shortly before Rash Behari Bose started living in here.
A portrait of Toshiko painted by Nakamura Tsune in 1914.