Photos, videos and Twitter links are available here which accompany the contents of my book “Rash Behari Bose: The Father of the Indian National Army,” Volume 1.
Rash Behari Bose arrived at Kobe on June 6, 1915, aboard the Nippon Yusen Sanukimaru.
Rash Behari Bose taught himself Japanese without help, using Japanese elementary school textbooks.
Mount Sumeru. The story of a Chinese monk called Genjo (602-664) traveling to Mt. Sumeru in Tenjiku was made into 12 emaki (picture scroll) volumes, Genjo Sanzo E, in Kamakura period. This made Tenjiku (India) very popular amongst the general Japanese public, including children.
In 1626, at the age of 15, Tenjiku Tokubei went to Vietnam, Thailand and India (Tenjiku). In India, he traveled up the Ganga river as far as his boat allowed. He wrote about this trip and published a book titled Tenjiku Tokai Monogatari in 1707. This book made the Japanese public dream of visiting India.
Tokyo Nihonbashi area at the beginning of the Showa period.
Tokyo air raids by the US in 1945
Tokyo in August 1945
US soldiers occupied Japan.
The allied nations wanted to divide Japan after 1945.
The flag of Japan under Allied occupation
Ueno pathway in 1945. This is around where Rash Behari Bose, Lala Lajpat Rai and Herambalal Gupta organized an extravagant banquet as part of their effort to gain Japanese support for Indian independence.
Starving Japanese children in 1945
Many Japanese died of starvation as it was planned by the allied nations.
Douglas MacArthur (centre) dining with his closest men in a hotel in Naka-ku, Tokyo.
The allied forces raped at least 3500 Japanese every month at the start of the occupation.
During the 7 year occupation, at least 2536 Japanese were murdered and 30,000 Japanese were raped.
Koreans dressed in Japanese military and navy uniforms, and went on a killing and raping rampage of the Japanese public and police officers. They call themselves Korean Shinchu-gun (Korean GHQ).
August 15 is the Shusen Kinenbi (end of war day) of Japan, as decided by America/Britain
August 15 is Indian Independence Day, as decided by Lord Mountbatten of Britain.
Subhas Chandra Bose dressed in his own version of military dress, designed by himself in the style of the German military uniform.
A Sikh soldier wearing an INA uniform. This is the uniform that Rash Behari Bose decided on, in agreement with the other freedom fighters, and this is the uniform that Rash Behari Bose and INA soldiers used to wear.
Japanese soldiers who helped the Indians in their effort to free India in Imphal and Kohima. Over 80,000 Japanese soldiers died for the effort. Contrastingly, 2,600 Indians died and 2,000 defected to Britain.
Please note the Japanese soldiers’ uniforms. They did not wear shorts, nor short-sleeve white shirts. The photos of the supposed “Japanese” who allegedly shot at Indian prisoners, spread across the internet, are not wearing Japanese military uniforms.
Radhika Coomaraswamy accuses Japanese of actions during the Greater East Asian War. Because she wears a sari, the Japanese public often mistake her as an Indian spreading anti-Japan propaganda.
How people were treated in colonies
The true personalities and amoral values of English and Americans
Blowing from a gun was a method of execution in which the victim was typically tied to the mouth of a cannon which was then fired.
British caused millions of Indians starve to death.
A young woman writing a thank you note to her boyfriend in the Navy for the skull of a Japanese soldier that he sent, May 22, 1944.
In 1941, at the start of the Greater East Asian War, almost the entire world was enslaved by European colonialists. It was a “global” society at that time, with the exception of Japan and Thailand.
The Erythrean Sea was a maritime designation of ancient Greek geography. By the 1st century AD, extensive maritime trade routes were active from Eastern India all the way up to Italy.
Chola influence, territory and trade routes. The Chola’s Empire and its influence were at their height of power around 1050, and stretched as far as the ocean territory of Japan, at the least. There was a great Indian presence in Malaya and Indonesia.
Japanese trade routes, large Japan towns and areas of Japanese residence until the Edo period. During Red-Seal Ship Trade (1592 to 1635), Japan actively traded with Asian nations. Between 1600 and 1635, about 350 Japanese ships engaged in ocean trade. The dark circles indicate where sizeable Japan towns existed, and the squares show where Japanese settlers were living.
By comparing the above three maps, one can safely assume that by at least 1600, extremely active trade was taking place all the way from Japan to Italy, and that India was the centre of such trading. Also, a great number of Japanese people were abducted and traded as slaves via this route by Western Christian missionaries, and sold at cities along the route. For this reason, there are decedents of the Japanese living widely across these regions. Goa is known to be the slave post where many kidnapped Japanese were traded as slaves.
Thomas Blake Glover, known as a merchant of death who masterminded destroying Japan by collapsing Bakufu.
The home of Thomas Blake Glover in Nagasaki
Guido Herman Fridolin Verbeck (or Verbeek) (23 January 1830 – 10 March 1898) was a Dutch political advisor, educator, and missionary active in Bakumatsu and Meiji period Japan. He was one of the most important foreign advisors serving the Meiji government and contributed to many major government decisions during the early years of the reign of Emperor Meiji. Everybody in this photo was engaged in overthrowing the Shogun and establishing the Emperor as the figurehead of Japan, initiating the Meiji period. They all assumed important positions in the new era of Japan.
Lord Charles Hardinge
Durbar Entry 1912 in the time H.E.L. Hardinge, Delhi (India)− Mandatory Credit: Photo by Historia/Shutterstock (9813412a) Indian Durbar – Delhi During the Rule of Lord Hardinge of Penshurst (1858-1944) Governor General and Viceroy of India (1910-1916). . Unattributed Postcard Indian Durbar – Delhi – Governor General Lord Hardinge, 1912
Real photo is for sale.
Delhi Remembers Hardinge Bomb Case Martyrs
May 09, 2016 article of the Hindu Times.
Amir Chand, Bhai Bal Mukund and Avadh Bihari were executed on May 8, 1915, while Biswas met the same fate a day later for hurling a bomb at a procession of then Governor-General of India, Lord Hardinge, in Chandni Chowk on December 23, 1912. Lord Hardinge was injured in the incident.—PTI
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